No. 1688, Gaoke East Road, Pudong new district, Shanghai, China.
No. 1688, Gaoke East Road, Pudong new district, Shanghai, China.
rolled to a thickness of 20 mm in one pass. The roll radius is 300 mm, and the rolls rotate at 100 rpm. Calculate the roll force and the power required. For annealed copper, it has a true stress of about 80 Mpa in the unstrained condition and …
Speed refers to the RPM of the machine spindle, i.e. the rotational speed of the tool on a mill or workpiece for a lathe. Establishing the rpm and feed rate for end mills and drills can seem like sorcery to many people, especially hobby machinists.
left nip roll is running 500 feet/minute, the surface speed of the winder is running at (500x1.012) 506 feet/minute. For an unwind, the roll speed would be 494 ft/min (500/1.012). The tension in the web is set by the modulus of elasticity of the material. Web Tension = [amount of stretch (inches/inch)][modulus of elasticity of material (pounds)]
schedule1) and preset calculation 1 Interaction of data and functions in the rolling-mill process Roll-data Reduction practices Adaption Roll gap model Mill model Tension practices Model parameters Set-up values Adaption parameters Measured values Thickness, tension, speed Roll force, torque, temperature CVC, HS, position bending Coil-data ...
The distance between the mill rolls can be varied and this gap is known as nip. The speed difference between the rolls is called friction ratio and it allows the shearing action. The back roll moves faster than the front roll; a common friction ratio is 1:1.25. Two roll mill mixing is also known as open mill mixing. 1.3.1.2 Internal mixer
Rolls may operate at differential speeds depending on the task the mill is called to perform. Cracking, crimping and flaking use lower roll (peripheral) speeds - 1,000 Ft/min (5 M/sec) up to 2,200 Ft/min (11 M/sec) and no roll speed differentials. Mills used to grind will operate with higher roll speeds - 1,500 Ft/min (7.5 M/sec) up to 3,000 Ft ...
Milling Speed and Feed Calculator. Determine the spindle speed (RPM) and feed rate (IPM) for a milling operation, as well as the cut time for a given cut length. Milling operations remove material by feeding a workpiece into a rotating cutting …
When using the roll diameter calculator, you'll need to enter three of these four values: Material thickness in mils. Length of roll material in feet. Outer core diameter in inches. Outer roll diameter in inches. For example, if you have …
These operates most effectively when set to give a reduction ratio of 3 or 4 or 1. That is the max diameter of the particle is 1/3rd or 1/4th of that feed. The forces exerted by these rolls are very great from 8700 – 70000 N/cm. To allow unbreakable material to pass through without damaging the machine, at least one roll must be spring mounted.
Variations due to stretching or softness of the material are to be ignored. An example of rolled material would be a rolled carpet or a rolled sheet of paper from the paper mill. The length units that can be used are yard, feet, inch, meter, …
If a mill rolls 80 % of the calendar year, that is 365 x 24 x 0.80 = 7008 hours. If the mill rolls 800,000 tons per year, it runs at an average production rate of 114.16 tons/hour. If the utilization can be improved by 1 %, the available rolling hours is 365 x 24 x 0.81 = 7096.6, creating 87.6 extra rolling hours.
•Roll-strip contact length L •Average strip width w –despite the fact that spreading, or an increase in width, may actually occur if edger mills are not used •Average true stress of the strip in the roll gap Y avg •Assumes no friction and thus predicts lower roll force than the actual value •Power per roll (SI units)= pFLN / 60,000 kW
•Stretch forming – very cheap tooling, net thinning, slow, low formability •Super-plastic forming – cheap tooling, net thinning, expensive sheet metal, slow, very high formability Technology – a brief review Forming Speed 20-1000pts/hr 7-13cycles/hr 3-8pts/hr 0.3-4pts/hr
rolls. 3. Four-high rolling mill: Using small rolls reduces power consumption but increases the roll deflection. In this configuration, two small rolls, called working rolls, are used to reduce the power and another two, called backing rolls, …
P. Kucsera et al. Hot Rolling Mill HGC Thickness Control Improvement – 98 – Another way to determine the thermal expansion of the work roll is the modelling of the heat transfer between the work rolls and the strip.
Rolling is done both hot and cold. It is accomplishes in rolling mills. A rolling mill is a complex machine having two or more working rollers, supporting rollers, roll stands, drive motor, reducing gear, flywheel, coupling gear etc. …
The web must be "in traction" with all machine idler rolls and driven rolls to ensure proper web handling and control. • The web handling principal states a web will seek to align itself perpendicular to an idler or driven roll. This web handling principal is applied to route webs through processes with parallel idler rolls and driven rolls.
Calculation of Circulating Load in a Classifier. A mechanical classifier often receives its feed from a ball mill and produces (1) finished material which overflows to the next operation and (2) sand which returns to the mill for further …
Vol.2 Issue.1, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN AERONAUTICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING January 2014. Pgs: 27-34 ISSN (ONLINE): 2321-3051 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN AERONAUTICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Methodology for Calculation of Rolling Load and Forces Acting On …
Roll Length Calculator When you have material rolled up into a cylinder, you can swiftly and simply calculate its length using this roll length calculator. How to use this calculator: Simply input measurements for the inner and outer dimensions …
measure roll hardness. As a roll of flexible packaging film material winds, tension builds inside the roll, which is known as in-wound tension or residual stress. If this stress becomes greater as the roll is wound, then the inner wraps towards the core will be put under high compressive loads. This is what causes a defect known as buckling of the
roll necks due to irregularities in the mill rolls and/or roll bearings [11]. These irregularities cause cyclic deviations in the strip thickness at the output of a mill stand. Figure 3. depicts the effects of eccentricity on the output strip thickness [6]. When the entry strip is passed through the roll stand with 4.1. the velocity . v. in
1 = Nip roll velocity E = Elasticity of the material A = Cross sectional area of the material The larger the elasticity (E), the less likely the material is to stretch. For most values of EA, use TORQUE CONTROL For stretchy material, where E is small, speed control can approach being as good as torque control